Global warming, today has become a major issue worldwide, or rather we can say that it is one of the major critical environmental challenges which are being faced by the world today. There is no doubt in the fact that today there is a strong need of global warming solutions and climate change solutions. Global warming is basically a process of heating up of earth's atmosphere, with a significant increase in the level of CO2. Usually green house gases are responsible for increasing the earth's average temperature. Our planet, earth, is wrapped in the layers of heat- trapping gaseous content.
And when this harmful gaseous content get released in the atmosphere, it acts like a blanket, which traps heat in the atmosphere and altering climatic conditions globally. The main and the principal green house gas which enters the atmosphere of the earth due to some particular harmful activities of human beings. For example, burning of fossil fuels, solid wastes, trees and wood products, and also as a result of chemical reactions is carbon dioxide (CO2) - which is the main driver for the green house effect. Since industrial revolution, we have observed that humans have been burning fuels on a large scale to run automobiles, to generate electricity, to heat homes etc and are releasing CO2 into the air which is causing damage to environment on a very large scale.
Climate change, today, is also a very big issue, which is also a very big threat to humanity and nature in the 21st century. It is certainly a high time that we all must act now so as to reduce this great threat of climate change to secure a healthy and pollution free life for future generation. One more thing that we must take note of is that not only human deeds and activities, but also some natural processes contribute to rising global temperature and cause a drastic change in climate. For an example if see that animals and plants respiration, by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are converted into the CO2 and energy, and also the process of photosynthesis by which CO2 is removed from the atmosphere and stored as carbon in plants biomass. During Ocean atmospheric change, in which CO2 is absorbed and released at the sea surface. Release of carbon during the process of volcanic eruptions from rocks situated in the deep of earth's crust. Therefore, usage of carbon footprint as climate change solutions becomes inevitable.
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